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News People

Chinese State Media Video Mocks India In Bizarre Propaganda On Doklam

NEW DELHI: China’s official Xinhua attack on India two months of deadlock and Doklam alleges “seven deadly sins” in a video that added a bizarre twist to the rhetoric of the Chinese media.

The Indians are parodied in the video by a man in a fake beard playing an unconvincing Sikh with a strange accent.

Entitled “7 Sins of India: It’s Time for India to Confess its SEVEN SINS”, the video features an anchor summarizes Beijing’s perspective of the border impasse.

“Did not your mama tell you, never violate the law? … How does it feel to stamp your foot?” she asks.

By stating that “the whole world is trying to awaken India from its impetus, it says,” China realized that it is impossible to awaken a guy who claims to fall asleep. ”

Misspelled subtitles accompany the comment. “You negotiate with a thief who had just broken into your house …

No, you call 911 … “, she says, who speaks a lot about the target audience. 911 is an emergency line only in the US and – thanks to movies and TV shows – is the symbol The most recognized internationally of an emergency.

Video calls India a “bad neighbor” asserting that “Indian troops carrying weapons and driving bulldozers have illegally crossed the border bounded within China UNDISPUTED”.

The seven sins that the woman alleged to India are committed: “To violate a bilateral agreement, trampling international law, confuse right and wrong, stop the victim divert a small neighbor and knowingly engage in an error.”

To explain the “hijacking of a small neighbor”, the video features a “Bhutanese man” who mistrusts the “Indian” shaking a pair of scissors. Xinhua is the most important and influential media organization in China.

The impasse in Doklam near Sikkim, began in June when Indian soldiers entered the plateau Doklam – who is a distant and inhabillé territory claimed by both China and ally of India in Bhutan – to prevent the Chinese army from building a road that

Delhi said it was a serious security concern because it changed the status quo at the border triangle of India, China and Bhutan.

India proposed that both sides withdraw the troops to engage in dialogue, but China has refused this option. China has repeatedly asked India to withdraw the troops unilaterally.

Business

Just by fulfilling its commitment to SC, Trai can bring down mobile call rates by half. It should

The Indian Telecommunications Regulatory Authority (TRAI) is about to make a critical intervention in the cost of mobile call rates. According to the cover story in The Times of India, Trai is very close to reducing the use charges of interconnection (IUC) from the current 14 paise per minute to less than 10 paise.

This is a positive step, which has long been expected because Trai demonstrate that, despite having the mandate to lead the telecommunications market in a way that ensures the health of operators, its main commitment is one because much larger : The interest of consumers.

IUC is the responsibility of telecom operators to pay each other for voice calls to all networks. For example, let’s take the case of a user calling Airtel user Idea. Here Airtel uses network facilities idea to make the call, so it will pay some costs (IUC) to Idea.

The quantum of the UIC is determined by Trai, now it is 14 paise per minute. That is to say that Airtel user pay 30 rupees per minute to Airtel for the call. Airtel goes from 14 paise to Idea. The opposite is true when a user calls an Airtel Idea users, while Idea pay IUC Airtel.

The essential fact is hidden in the rates of voice calls that you pay your operator is: you pay 30 rupees per minute voice call to your carrier. Your operator pays 14 countries, or 45 percent, for the operator whose network terminates the call.

In other words, almost half of their charges per call is IUC, the burden that mobile operators will have to pay (in the pocket, that is). What this means is that your call rates can drop by half if IUC is zero.

Over the years, Trai has systematically reduced CUC, but last October, the big question is presented in the industry working paper. He wondered if the IUC should be zero if the industry was moving to what is called the Bill System and (BAK) Hold.

BAK means exactly what it says; Operators charge other operators but do not actually collect IUC. Under BAK, these fees do not collect or pay as they are supposed to be canceled due to the symmetry of call (number of calls generated and ending in each network, according to this story on the Financial Express).

The historical telecommunications operators – Bharti Airtel, Idea and Vodafone – who oppose the reduction of the IUC, much less the re-establishment and transition to BAK. In fact, they are part of the telecommunications that actually claimed, increased IUC 14 paise to 35 paise per minute.

All responded to the consultation document Trai that the current rate of 14 paise is below cost and there is no reason why the CIU is zero. The three also said in various forums that the cost of transferring incoming calls in their respective networks is 30 rupees per minute, Vodafone said that later registered the license fee that each telecommunications company must pay this cost is 34 paise, a report In the Times of India said.

Entertainment

Mass Leader flies blurred tricolour, Bharjari too may follow suit

The recently launched mass leader Shivarajkumar-star, which speaks of a military that fights terrorism, has blurred tricolor in all the scenes in which it appears.

The Bharjari who will soon be released, with Dhruva Sarja, could also do the same if the director can not get an opinion from the Ministry of Interior (MHA) on time.

There is a provision set by the Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC), following a Supreme Court order of six months, many filmmakers know Kannada. It is now mandatory for each film using the national flag to obtain prior authorization from MHA.

The filmmakers must specify if the script does not require the use of the national flag and must comply with the flag and mast measures as prescribed by law.

“I am afraid I will get permission from MHA in time. I could also be forced to climb the national flag,” said Chetan Kumar, director Bharjari.

Tarun Shivappa, producer of the mass leader was informed by the Central Bureau of Cinematographic Certification Board (CBFC), Bangalore, to “remove the flag or hide”, citing MHA orders.

When contacted, Srinivasappa, Regional Specialist at CBFC-Bangalore, said the rules came after the recent verdict of the apex court.

The national flag is specified as an emblem in the Law of 1950 (Prevention of misuse). The flag may not be used for the purpose of any commercial or industrial activity, without the prior approval of MHA.

Violation of the rule is punishable by imprisonment for a period of up to three years or with a fine, or both.

“The board had asked the leading producer of masses for the lack of definition of the tricolor in some scenes in the absence of authorization,” he said.

A former member of the Hindu Advisory Committee that the Supreme Court on November 30, 2016, pointed out that it is the sacred duty of all citizens to respect the ideals enshrined in the Constitution, and such an idea is to show respect for the national anthem and The national flag.

The CBFC in its film certification objectives in India says that national symbols and emblems are not presented, except in accordance with the 1950 Emblems and Names Act (Prevention of Impossible Use).

The leader of the mass leader, Narasimha, said he was not aware of the rules. “As CBFC asked us to bypass the flag in all scenes, the movie was finished and we did not have the necessary permission.

As we did not want to dilute the intensity of the scene by removing it, we are committed to blur the flag, “said the director.

Bharjari speaks of a patriot family that hoisted the national flag in all the national festivals. “We shot some scenes of the tricolor floating without knowing the rules of MHA and CBFC. We do our best to get permission,” said Chetan Kumar.

Education

Best BooksMust Read Books for IAS Aspirants

Best BooksMust Read Books for IAS Aspirants

You can find many lists filled with many books for IAS if you are looking for materials to help you begin your preparation for UPSC. But most of them are swollen lists, meant to scare you into thinking there is too much to study!

Here is a short list of books to prepare the IAS, which you must first enter (and sometimes download for free!) If you plan to seriously try UPSC preparation. These should be your first companions.

We have listed the books for IAS and have briefly described why we believe it to be an indispensable book for its preparation. You will also find a brief guide on how to use the book as much as possible. Books are listed in the recommended order in which they should be read once you begin your preparation.

India After Gandhi by Ramachandra Guha

 

Why should you read it?

It is not easy to put many things in the context of Indian politics without knowing what has been played over the years. Most of our history textbooks stop their chapters after that of Independence of India. The Guha takes the story and brings it closer to the modern India we grew up in. The book will allow you to better understand how India has changed since independence and some of the great events that have shaped India today.

How you should read it:

It is close to 900 pages, so let’s not pretend that we can finish it in one session. The best approach is to read one chapter a week. This is because our goal is not only to read the whole book as quickly as possible, but to read and remind us as much as we can. There are tips to remind you of everything you learn, as we have seen.

What you should do is read a chapter this week and read the incidents in this chapter. Read wikipedia, read blogs about it, read newspaper articles about it, think about it. Then, briefly summarize the main events / arguments of the chapter from the memory. If you wish, you can send us your chapter summaries and we will publish the best – the best abstracts (those that will be published – they must be at least 1/4 of the actual length of the chapter to be published) will receive gift certificates Rom amazon / flipkart. After that, make an overview of the chapter with only a few keywords, this time looking at the actual book.

Now, get your study partner (you should have one, if you do not contact us and we can get you one) or mentor and explain the chapter to that person – just looking at your keyword notes, and Not the book itself!

Do it for each chapter and you will be the great master of modern Indian history in a few months! Of course, if you like, you can speed up the process and do it 1 chapter by 3 days instead of per week – but be sure to familiarize yourself with each chapter and get it adhered!

Further reading: India since independence by Bipan Chandra

 

 

News People

Dippy the dinosaur, makes way for a blue whale at London’s Natural History Museum

Dippy the dinosaur, makes way for a blue whale at London’s Natural History Museum

Hope, the blue whale, became the head of Dippy the dinosaur, as the centerpiece of the renovated Natural History Museum atrium on Thursday despite an energetic campaign to keep the attraction dear.

Replication of the skeleton was in the museum for more than 100 years and the news of its impending demise in 2015 provoked the condemnation of dinosaur fans who send #savedippy hashtag tendencies on Twitter. About 14 000 people have signed a petition to stop the movement.

However, the museum said that the skeleton of a blue whale, the largest animal they have ever lived on Earth – which was hunted near extinction – to raise awareness about the impact of humanity on nature.

The actual skeleton of 25.2 meters (83 feet) suspended from the ceiling “is a powerful reminder of the fragility of life and responsibility towards our planet,” said Michael Dixon, director of the museum.

The whale was previously mammals section, but was not entirely in order and will now have a central place in the burial place of diving in Hintze Hall, a cathedral space built in the late 19th century.

Dippy fans do not need desperation because the replica is placed in any case preserved for posterity in a bronze mold outside the museum.

The wife of Prince William, Kate, Duchess of Cambridge, attended a gala launching of the Hope reception on July 13 with the famous British Conservative David Attenborough.
Kate Middleton, Duchess of Cambridge (blank) and David Attenborough (blue) show the skeleton of the blue whale in the director of the museum, Sir Michael Dixon, at the reopening of Hintze Hall at the Natural History Museum in London on 13 Of July 2017.

An estimated 2,50,000 blue whales in the world’s oceans in the 1800s, but commercial hunting brought the species to the brink of extinction in 1960 with only 400 samples remaining. The legal protection of the hunt saw their levels increase to 20,000 now.

News People Science

‘Sixth extinction’ of wildlife faster than feared

'Sixth extinction' of wildlife faster than feared

‘Sixth extinction’ of wildlife faster than feared

The sixth mass extinction of life on Earth is developing faster than previously feared, scientists warned.

Over 30% of animals with a backbone – fish, birds, amphibians, reptiles and mammals – are declining in both the range and population, according to the first comprehensive analysis of these trends.

“This is the case of a biological annihilation occurring globally,” said Stanford professor Rodolfo Dirzo, a co-author of a study published Monday in the US journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

About a decade ago, experts feared a new planetary extinction of species would be in sight.

Today, most agree that it is under way, but the new study suggests that death is already increasing.

It provides much needed data on the threat to wildlife, mapping the decline in ranges and populations of 27,600 species. For 177 mammals, the researchers collected data covering the period 1900-2015.

The mammal species that were monitored have lost at least a third of their original habitat, the researchers found.

Forty percent of them – including rhinoceros, orangutans, gorillas and many large cats – survive on 20% or less of the land they once wandered.

Biodiversity loss has accelerated recently.

“Several species of mammals that were relatively safe one or two decades ago are now in danger,” including cheetahs, lions and giraffes, the study showed.

Around the world, mass death, considered the sixth in the last 500 million years, is the worst since three-quarters of life on Earth, including non-avian dinosaurs, was annihilated 66 million years ago By a giant Impact of meteors.

On average, two species of vertebrates disappear each year.

Tropical regions have recorded the highest number of declining species. In South and Southeast Asia, large-bodied mammal species have lost more than four-fifths of their historical ranks.

Loss of habitat

While fewer species are disappearing in temperate zones, the percentage is as high or higher.

Up to half the number of animals that once shared our planet are no longer here, a loss that the authors described as “a massive erosion of the greatest biological diversity in Earth’s history.”

There is no mystery as to why: our own constantly expanding species – which has more than doubled in number since 1960 to 7.4 million – is eating, crowding and polluting its planetary peers of existence.

By comparison, only 20,000 lions remain, less than 7,000 cheetahs, 500-1,000 giant pandas and about 250 rhinos in Sumatra.

The main causes of declining wildlife are loss of habitat, over consumption, pollution, invasive species, disease, and poaching in the case of tigers, elephants, rhinos and other large animals appreciated for their body parts.

Climate change is poised to become a major threat in the coming decades, with some animals – the most famous polar bears – already declining due to rising temperatures and changing weather patterns.

“The massive loss of populations and species reflects our lack of empathy with all the wild species that have been our partners since our origins,” said lead author Gerardo Ceballos of the National Autonomous University of Mexico.

News People Science

The Storied History of the Spooky Physics Behind China’s Teleportation Success

The Storied History of the Spooky Physics Behind China’s Teleportation Success

The Storied History of the Spooky Physics Behind China’s Teleportation Success

In June 2017, a group of scientists in China announced that they had used the Micius satellite the country, launched a year ago, to teleport information between Earth and space in an instant. In other words, they moved more than 500 km at any time.

For this, they were based on a natural phenomenon known as quantum entanglement. The name itself suggests that it belongs properly to the realm of quantum mechanics, the field of subatomic particles.

The experience of Chinese scientists has surpassed the previous record, when in 2012 its leader had carried a team that had teleportation more than 97 km.

Very few ideas in science enjoy the popularity of teleportation: it was so incredible among scientists and laymen.

For more inspiration, what is fascinating is not how an object “leaves” a point in space and “passes” to another, but through the intermediate distance in an instant.

The consequences of these movements are important at first. The day we will be able to “pass” a person up and down through space – Star Trek – could still be far away, but, in the meantime, we could use quantum entanglement, for example, remote control of Digital security keys between two computers and prevent most forms of listening by hackers.

In previous experience, Jian-Wei Pan, professor of physics at the University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, and his colleagues have used quantum entanglement to teleport information across Lake Qinghai in the west of the country.

Using an ultraviolet laser pointing at a barium crystal, the Pan equipment generates pairs of entangled photons. Each photon of a pair is transmitted using a telescope in two parts on both sides of the lake.

Making personalized photons gives a good overview of the situation in which photons are present. It refers to the values ​​of some fixed variables. If the variables have a particular combination of values, then the system is said to be in a particular state. United States are generally independent of extrinsic properties such as mass.

Therefore, the objectives of A and B are designed to see if the third interacting with these photons is in a similar state to the control group, even when they are separated by 97 km of space.

To measure this, researchers at A allow locally generated photons – that is, to themselves – to interact with altered incoming photons in a fixed and predictable way.

This state of change is then measured and compared to the state of the photons at B. Pan & Co. One found that the states of the modified A photons and those of the unmodified B photons were the same 80% of the time.

What is wonderful is that the particles do not have to end up with the same condition. Eighty percent is enough to rule out the coincidence.

This long-distance “communication” between the tiny and fragile particles shows that their pre-trip tangle was sustainable and gave rise to a predictable state that allows particles to behave similarly in both experiments to a very different extent.

 

News People

NASA CAN’T AFFORD TO PUT HUMANS ON MARS

NASA CAN’T AFFORD TO PUT HUMANS ON MARS

NASA CAN’T AFFORD TO PUT HUMANS ON MARS

The United States space agency has to land Mars on humans a priority of its exploration programs and the bipartisan legislation promised in 2010 to develop the ability to send humans to the planet by 2030.

But it remains a major problem between humanity and the red planet: money.

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The head of NASA’s space exploration program, William Gerstenmaier, said Wednesday that with its current budget, the agency simply can not afford the cost of propelling a spacecraft to Mars.

“On this horizon, in the 2030s, I can not put dates on humans on Mars,” Gerstenmaier said Wednesday in response to a question during a propulsion meeting of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics in Georgia.

More: Rigid space suits are the order of the day for astronauts hoping to survive life on Mars

“At the budget levels we have described, this is about an increase of about 2 percent, 100 that do not have surface systems available for March, this entry, landing and landing is a big challenge for us to Mars. ”

NASA landed several unmanned exploration vehicles on Mars in the past. The Curiosity rover, which landed at Marsh in August 2012 and will soon hold its fifth anniversary exploration of the planet, costs about $ 2.5 billion.
Gerstenmaier said an intelligent Mission to Mars would weigh about twenty times what previous Rover weighed. “So this is an increase of twenty times,” he said, which probably means a much higher cost.

Legislators attribute the NASA budget to $ 19.5 billion for fiscal year 2017, which is less than half of one percent of the total federal budget.

The agency did not give a specific figure for the cost of the manned mission to Mars, and estimates vary depending on the source. In 2012, the head of NASA’s Propulsion Laboratory Brent Sherwood, estimates that the project could cost up to $ 100 billion in 30 or 40 years.

Most recently, Pascal Lee, director of the Mars Institute, a nonprofit research group funded in part by NASA and based on a NASA research center in Silicon Valley, said in May that a human mission to March could cost up to $ 1 billion over 25 years.

Private organizations working on their own missions to Mars have estimated lower costs. Mars One, a Dutch-Swiss organization to establish a permanent settlement on Mars, plans to bring four people to March at a cost of $ 6 billion. SpaceX founder Elon Musk, who said he wanted to send humans to Mars in the early 2020s, estimated the cost at $ 10 billion per person by 2016.

Landing on Mars poses many threats to a manned mission. The spacecraft must tilt its entrance into the atmosphere of Mars correctly: if it is too rigid, the machine can burn, and if it is too low, the machine can completely lose the planet.

Astronauts must use reverse and parachute to slow down the ship so it will not be destroyed by impact on the surface. The machine must also locate a safe landing surface on the rough terrain of Mars, whose parts are emerging gigantic craters.

News People

If doomsday strikes, this eight-legged ‘freak’ animal shall inherit the Earth

If doomsday strikes, this eight-legged ‘freak’ animal shall inherit the Earth

If doomsday strikes, this eight-legged ‘freak’ animal shall inherit the Earth

Whether a rock space monster crashes on our planet or radiation from an explosive star, our ocean, most humans and other life forms disappear.

But a creature is sure to survive, according to a study released Friday.

And it will continue for as long as the Sun does not die – at least another 10 billion years.

The designated heir of the Earth is the animal of delay, a microscopic animal, like an animal with eight legs that can live in water or on land, under extreme high or low pressure.

Also known as the name of water bear or pork foam, it can withstand torrential heat, a cold and high radiation, 30 years without food, and even be dried to a fresh.

Despite its small size – less than one millimeter (0.04 inches) – it is considered the most difficult of animals in the world.

The tardigrade, said researchers at Oxford and Harvard, will survive all predicted astrophysical disasters – impacts of asteroids, stars in explosion (supernovae) or bursts of gamma rays – and “be around at least 10 billion years.”

It is much better than the diagnosis of our own species.

“Without our technology that protects us humans are very sensitive species. Subtle changes in our environment affect us dramatically,” said Rafael Alves Batista of Oxford University, co-author of the study in the journal Scientific Reports.

“There are many more resistant species on Earth. Life on this planet can continue long after humans are gone.

Batista and a team set out to determine what kind of disasters would be needed to cleanse the Land of a lifetime.

And they found that it would be almost impossible – when life takes root, it is surprisingly difficult to eradicate.

Explosions of supernovae or gamma rays, electromagnetic explosions that occur in other galaxies could deplete the earth’s protective ozone layer that protects us from radiation. But life could go underground and under deep water.

And on Mars?

Even a complete loss of the atmosphere would not affect the species at the bottom of the ocean.

A large asteroid attack could cover Earth in a cloud of dust blocks the sunlight, causing a drop in temperature and the so-called “winter effect”.

Creatures perish dependent light, but in volcanic vents in the depths of the ocean, life would follow.

Without space rock large enough to cause a complete annihilation of the species is in the process of collision with our planet, which it has found.

There are no massive stars or potential sources of gamma rays close enough to boil Earth’s oceans if they burst.

The only event that kills even tardi grades is when the sun finally burned.

“Although the impacts of asteroids near supernovae or large ones are catastrophic for people, tardigrades may not be affected,” said co-author David Sloan.

The Tardigrades have a body divided into four segments, each with a pair of legs ending in sharp claws.

Uncategorized

Surging heat may limit aircraft takeoffs globally: study

Surging heat may limit aircraft takeoffs globally: study

Rising temperatures due to global warming will make it harder for aircraft to travel in the world in the coming decades, according to a study.

During hotter periods of the day, 10 to 30 percent of the aircraft with full load may be needed to remove fuel, cargo or passengers, or wait for cooler hours to fly, according to the researchers.
“Our results suggest that weight restriction can be imposed at a non-trivial cost to airlines and affect airline operations around the world,” said Ethan Coffel of Columbia University in the US.

As the air heats up, it expands and its density decreases. In the finer air, the wings produce less lift when an airplane runs along a runway, the researchers said.

Therefore, depending on the model of the aircraft, track length and other factors, at some point, a packaging aircraft may not be able to take off safely if the temperature is too high. The weight should be discharged, delayed or canceled the flight otherwise, they said.

Global average temperatures have risen by almost one degree Celsius since 1980, and this may already have an effect.

Globally, the average temperature is expected to rise to three degrees Celsius by the year 2100, they said.

However, heat waves are becoming more common, the daily maximum daily temperatures at airports around the world to increase the ratio of four to eight degrees Celsius by 2080, according to the study.

These are the heat waves that can cause more problems.

“This highlights the risk of unmanaged climate change in aviation,” said Radley Horton, a climatologist at Columbia University.

“As the world becomes more integrated and aviation grows, there can be significant potential for economic and other cascading effects,” said Horton, co-author of the study published in the journal Climate Change.

Most studies so far have focused on how aviation can affect global warming (airplanes account for about 2 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions), not the other way around.

However, a handful of studies have warned that global warming could increase dangerous turbulence along major air routes, and winds that could extend travel time.

The new study provides the effects on a wide range of aircraft at the busiest airports in the United States, Europe, the Middle East, China and South Asia.

Researchers estimate that if greenhouse gas emissions continue unabated, fuel capacity and payload weight will be reduced by four percent on warmer days for a particular aircraft.

If the world manages to drastically reduce carbon emissions shortly, these reductions could reach 0.5 percent. 100, they said.

For an average operating aircraft today, a four percent weight reduction would be about 12 or 13 passengers less on an average 160-seat machine.

This does not account for the significant logistical and economic effects of delays and cancellations that can instantly convert one center to another, Horton said.

Some aircraft with lower temperature tolerances are much worse than others, and some airports – those with shorter runs, in warmer areas of the world or at heights, where the air is already thinner – suffer more.