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Economic News

Wasn’t even a sarpanch when I was made CM: Shivraj Singh Chouhan

Bhopal: In a candid admission on the eve of the visit of the national president Amit Shah Wednesday, Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan told TOI that he was ready to fulfill any responsibility given by his party, remembering the BJP high command had made head of government Despite knowing that he had no administrative experience.

In an exclusive interview with TOI, he said: “Mein BHI kabhi nahin a raha sarpanch (I have never been a sarpanch) I never thought I would become a head of government one day I was .. suddenly questioned at the board meeting Parliamentary one day to take responsibility.It raised a lot of eyebrows.But once I arrived, there was no turning back.

Chouhan, who is the chief minister of Madhya Pradesh longer said that his only goal was to improve the lives of others. “After becoming the prime minister, my only goal was to help those in need and to focus on state growth, which has been achieved largely through the implementation of programs such as Ladli Lakshmi, Kanya Vivah and Medhavi Chhatra” , I was told. Whatever the responsibilities of his party, he has fulfilled expectations, he added.

While awaiting the visit of party leader Amit Shah, as part of the energy before the 2018 Assembly elections, he said: “He turned out to be an excellent leader. Under his leadership, the party has become the most “Shah has been in the state four to five times, but this is the first time he will stay for three days, he said, adding: We all hope to visit. ”

Asked about the fact that the agitation of farmers will have an impact on the polls of the meeting, he said. “Without exception, Ratlam and Mandsaur, violence does not spread to other parties, including Bundelkhand, Chambal and Gwalior Mahakoshal.” A handful of Congressional workers tried to take advantage of the situation, but failed, and we have taken steps to mitigate the problems of farmers We buy onions and even pulses and soybeans.We will continue to guarantee farmers a fair price for their products.

“The death of the farmers (in police murders in Mandsaur) hurt me,” he said. “Dard Toh chest hua”. In his first entry, which has given the order to neutralize the feared dacoit Lalit Patel, Chouhan said: “He had burned three living men I said, it is me or he will not be .. there are no thieves in Madhya Pradesh. Put an end to his regime of terror and the police shot him. “Nothing is lost when a criminal is killed. But the death of the farmers hurt me. The government of the Deputies has always been at the forefront of the welfare of farmers. ”

Chouhan said his government has launched an application – the only one of its kind in India – allowing farmers. “With the Girdavari implementation, farmers will be able to check and verify the amount of crops saved by patwari, only then they will be recorded in the land records, which will lead to transparency,” he said.

Economic News

The Chief’s Strategy

In India, as part of the first-step electoral system, electoral strategies often take a perverse form and end with the fragmentation of society. Lately, some professional bodies have emerged, which have data already made in the caste lines and facilitate an easy operation of the fragmentation of society by the politics of the bank of votes.

In this context, when BJP President Amit Shah uses a unifying strategy, while providing visible representation for all major sectors of society, in the selection of candidates for the Lok Sabha elections in UP in 2014 and , Again, to Vidhan Sabha in 2017, who doubt Many wondered if it was going to work.

But Shah had the last word. The BJP played at home with a resounding victory in both elections, which justifies the vibro Shah strategy. Today, there is no denying that the shrewd manipulation Shah this strategy has led the BJP to become a meeting point for all non-Yadav OBC communities. He gave the party an insurmountable advantage in the UP.

Shah created a large amount of registration in Gujarat, winning almost every assembly election with a record margin. He has a penchant for setting goals that may seem implausible to some, but motivation for many others. This led his colleagues to “think big” and try to achieve the goal.

Struggle to win was the Shah’s mantra. It is known to take the elections seriously. He likes to take on difficult challenges. As Prime Minister Narendra Modi, who is not resting, and also refused to rest the other.

In UP, before the elections of Lok Sabha in 2014, he had traveled in almost all areas of Tehsil, staying in government retirement homes. When executives see their fight against the leader of all seriousness and sincere sincerity, also refrain from avoiding responsibility.

It is more than convinced that whatever the role of popular perception of winning elections, there is no alternative to strengthening cabin-cab units. The great victories of the BJP in the UP in 2014 and 2017 are credited to the Sha of emphasizing the establishment of a committee of 21 members in almost every stand.

He made sure that the cabin committees remain active throughout the year. In fact, the party has ordered that at least six of the major celebrations are held programs of each post, and in the process, guaranteed a live match organization in the Underlying.

This has also made the choice more centered karyakarta and proportionately less dependent satraps. If the choice Amitbhai literally burning the eyelashes. A tab is maintained in each department.

Evening meetings to discuss the situation on land and tomorrow assessments are the routine media during the election campaign. Alert to the gradual deployment of the situation on the ground, Shah believes in a strategy meeting to gather.

Each rally has a personalized message and the relevant points where the rally is held. What is remarkable is their understanding of the strengths and limitations of the media and advertising. He is known for his skill in selecting the right media for the right message.

Technology

For Metro rail, states must bring private players: Govt

Marking a major shift in its focus on urban transit transport projects, the Union government has forced state governments to find a funding center for their Metro Rail project to involve private actors in the implementation and operation system.

The Union Cabinet on Wednesday approved the new Metro Rail policy, which states that “private participation or for the full supply of meter-meter or certain disaggregated components, is an essential requirement for all metro rail project proposals to financial assistance Central “.

Indian Express had reported in March, the proposed reduction
The role of the Center in financing railway projects through the promotion of privatization.

The three major PPP models detailed in the policy include the construction of new systems through the metro lane mode of design, construction, financing, operation and transfer, allowing private players to operate the service and to supply the material Rolling and involved in maintenance and upgrading from the infrastructure.

The new policy, however, has been described as “the most disastrous and retrograde urban transport policy” E Sreedharan, who successfully led the Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) from the outset and is currently a senior adviser.

Speaking to The Indian Express (see interview on page 8), Sreedharan, who has always opposed the APP model on the subway, said: “The policy seems to have been framed by a person sitting in the non-NITI Aayog The experience of how the metro rail is built and operated.

In India, 12 of these projects have been implemented, only 20-25 km of new trains are operating each year. China climbs 300 km of subway lanes that open every year. We are already moving to the rhythm of snails. Now, with this policy, all the stops. ”

India, so far, has deviated from PPP in its metropolitan rail projects due to the requirements of low public transport fares. In addition, the capital-intensive nature of these projects does not allow private companies to obtain a return on their investment, unless they rose sharply.

Most of the metropolitan railway projects So far have been implemented in the model of joint equity, costs are shared equally between state and central governments.

The first JV model was successfully completed in the case of DMRC, followed by Mumbai Line-3, Nagpur, Bangalore, Chennai, Ahmedabad, Lucknow and Kochi.

PPP Feasibility Gap funded from the Union government, has been treated as Mumbai Metro Line 1 and Metro-Hyderabad, which experienced a significant increase in costs and delays.

On the Delhi Metro line, the private concessionaire abandoned the project halfway to force the DMRC to intervene and resume operations.

D S Mishra, Secretary of the Department of Housing and Urban Affairs, said the PPP would bring the efficiency and experience of the private sector in the rail lane project. “This is part of the general plans developed by the Ministry of Finance for PPP not only on land, but also in the road, water or sanitation sector.”

The new policy also requires that state governments are exploring the commercial exploitation of land along the rail project, as well as encouraging development-oriented transit, which will densify areas along the metro.

Economic

Yogi Adityanath: If I cannot stop namaz on road, I have no right to stop Janmashtami at thana

The chief minister of Uttar Pradesh said on Wednesday Yogi Adityanath that if he could not stop namaz on the roads during the Eid, he has no right to stop holding Janmashtami in the police stations. “Agar may sadak ke din by Eid padhne namaz PE rok nahi koi mujhe laga sakta to Adhikar nahi ki mein May Thano Janmashtami Par po ke ko rokun … nahi koi Adhikar,” he said.

He said that when agents have marked the use of microphones, DJs and music equipment during the recent Yatra kanwar (the annual pilgrimage dedicated Shiv), he told them to make sure that microphones are banned everywhere and does not emit any sound from any Cult place. He said he asked the administration if such a ban could be applied and if this was not possible then the Yatra would continue as usual.

(“Maine is prashasan kaha ke jo … Sabhi pradeshon Adhikari Aaye stroll … Maine kaha ki ek mera Saamne Aadesh paarit kariye ke ke Phir liye jagah Har microphone partibandhit Honi Chahiye … Har jagah prohibition Karo aur yeh … Ki kisi BHI tay kariye dharmsthal mein Bahar Ke … Uski prizes, uski Awaaz INAA hi nahi Chahiye … kya kar isko laagu payenge? … Agar nahin kar laagu sakte hain a Phir BHI buzz isko laagu nahi perfect Denge .. Yatra chalegi

In his speech at an event organized by Prerna Jansanchar Evam Shidh Sansthan, Lucknow and Noida Jansanchar Patrakarita Sansthan Evam – RSS Sah-Sarkaryavah Dattatreya Hosabale was also present – the head of government said that officers who reported on kanwar yatra told him that the use Of the use of microphones, DJs and stereo equipment are not allowed.

“Maine kaha Ki Hai ye kanwar Yatra Yatra is shav? Arrey … woh kanwar Yatra mein nahin bajenge Baaje, damru nahin bajega, dhol bajega nahin, nahin chimte bajenge, log-nachenge gayenge nahin, microphone bajega nahi to Woh Yatra Yatra kanwar Kaise Hogi, “he said.

(I wondered if it was a kanwar Yatra or a funeral procession.If you do not play music and drums, do not dance and do not sing, do not use the microphone How will a kanwar yatra) Citizen RSS ideologist Deendayal Upadhyaya, Yogi Adityanath said no one Must be concerned about the celebration of Ganesh Utsav in every town and city.

It was said that everyone had the freedom to hold festivals in the country. “Um … Aap kahenge sabke liye BHI manaiye Christmas … kaun raha rok Hai … Bharat ke walk kabhi nahi roka gaya … Aap BHI padhiye namaz, Araam is kanoon padhiye … ke ke me reh kar daayre Padhiye, Koi Nahin … Lekin rokega kanoon ulanghan ka koi Toh Karega US by kahin na kahin Phir takrao paida Hoga … aur ISI liye in muddon prakharta ko ke Saath unhone (Deendayal Upadhyaya) Rakha, “he said.

Those who work to strengthen the country’s cultural unity, he said, are called communal. “Jaise, agar May Kahun ki ‘Garv is Kaho main Hindu Hoon’ dekhiye kahenge ki Toh, sampradayik gaya ho”. (For example, if I say, I am proud to say that I am a Hindu, it will be called communal.)

He said Nepal, Mauritius or any country where there are Hindus of Indian origin, who is proud to be called Hindus. “But if we say the same thing in India, we are called communal,” he said.

The orientation of the former SP government, Yogi Adityanath, said those who called Yaduvanshis banned the Janmashtami celebration at police stations and police lines. He said he was convinced that “prayers and kirtan can make improvements in the police system.”

News People

Trinamool Congress Set to Sweep West Bengal Civic Polls, BJP A Distant No. 2

CALCUTA: Prime Minister Trinamool Congress Mamata Banerjee leads in seven municipal governing bodies for which elections were held on Sunday.

It is expected that the BJP to be the second in the majority, which the party will support as proof that he is now the main opposition party in West Bengal, where there was almost no presence in recent years.

Elections were held during seven local city agencies are five municipalities, one notified authority and municipality.

The votes are counted today. The Trinamool decision has won the municipality of Dhupguri by pocketing 12 of the 16 seats.

Sunday’s elections took place in the midst of violence, especially in Durgapur and the BJP and CPM have both demanded that the ballot boxes be canceled, claiming that the Trinamool decision resorted to violence and the booth to seize elections and “simulated democracy “.

Today’s results continue with Mamata Banerjee’s winning streak in his state, which swept past last year’s election meeting to win a second term as prime minister.

His party has dominated local body elections ever since, winning four of the seven municipal bodies for which elections were held in May this year, including a victory in Mirik in the Darjeeling Hills, a bastion of years Ally BJP, Gorkha Janmukti Morcha (GJM).

BJP’s steady growth in state, Congress and CPM price, also marked a party leader Amit Shah is setting the target of winning the maximum parliamentary seats in Bengal during the 2019 national election.

After the group reached the second Trinamool earlier this year during a partial election in the Kanthi Dakshin West Bengal seat set and has increased its voting share substantially over a year since the meeting’s elections,

M. Shah thanked voters for making BJP “the main opposition party” in the state. The BJP had won two seats in the Lok Sabha of Bengal in 2014, increasing its participation in the vote from four to 17 percent.

Trinamool won 34 of the state’s 42 seats in parliament. Last year, when Mrs. Banerjee’s party swept the elections to the assembly, the BJP won four seats, the best performance of the party in the state….

News People

Chinese State Media Video Mocks India In Bizarre Propaganda On Doklam

NEW DELHI: China’s official Xinhua attack on India two months of deadlock and Doklam alleges “seven deadly sins” in a video that added a bizarre twist to the rhetoric of the Chinese media.

The Indians are parodied in the video by a man in a fake beard playing an unconvincing Sikh with a strange accent.

Entitled “7 Sins of India: It’s Time for India to Confess its SEVEN SINS”, the video features an anchor summarizes Beijing’s perspective of the border impasse.

“Did not your mama tell you, never violate the law? … How does it feel to stamp your foot?” she asks.

By stating that “the whole world is trying to awaken India from its impetus, it says,” China realized that it is impossible to awaken a guy who claims to fall asleep. ”

Misspelled subtitles accompany the comment. “You negotiate with a thief who had just broken into your house …

No, you call 911 … “, she says, who speaks a lot about the target audience. 911 is an emergency line only in the US and – thanks to movies and TV shows – is the symbol The most recognized internationally of an emergency.

Video calls India a “bad neighbor” asserting that “Indian troops carrying weapons and driving bulldozers have illegally crossed the border bounded within China UNDISPUTED”.

The seven sins that the woman alleged to India are committed: “To violate a bilateral agreement, trampling international law, confuse right and wrong, stop the victim divert a small neighbor and knowingly engage in an error.”

To explain the “hijacking of a small neighbor”, the video features a “Bhutanese man” who mistrusts the “Indian” shaking a pair of scissors. Xinhua is the most important and influential media organization in China.

The impasse in Doklam near Sikkim, began in June when Indian soldiers entered the plateau Doklam – who is a distant and inhabillé territory claimed by both China and ally of India in Bhutan – to prevent the Chinese army from building a road that

Delhi said it was a serious security concern because it changed the status quo at the border triangle of India, China and Bhutan.

India proposed that both sides withdraw the troops to engage in dialogue, but China has refused this option. China has repeatedly asked India to withdraw the troops unilaterally.

Business

Just by fulfilling its commitment to SC, Trai can bring down mobile call rates by half. It should

The Indian Telecommunications Regulatory Authority (TRAI) is about to make a critical intervention in the cost of mobile call rates. According to the cover story in The Times of India, Trai is very close to reducing the use charges of interconnection (IUC) from the current 14 paise per minute to less than 10 paise.

This is a positive step, which has long been expected because Trai demonstrate that, despite having the mandate to lead the telecommunications market in a way that ensures the health of operators, its main commitment is one because much larger : The interest of consumers.

IUC is the responsibility of telecom operators to pay each other for voice calls to all networks. For example, let’s take the case of a user calling Airtel user Idea. Here Airtel uses network facilities idea to make the call, so it will pay some costs (IUC) to Idea.

The quantum of the UIC is determined by Trai, now it is 14 paise per minute. That is to say that Airtel user pay 30 rupees per minute to Airtel for the call. Airtel goes from 14 paise to Idea. The opposite is true when a user calls an Airtel Idea users, while Idea pay IUC Airtel.

The essential fact is hidden in the rates of voice calls that you pay your operator is: you pay 30 rupees per minute voice call to your carrier. Your operator pays 14 countries, or 45 percent, for the operator whose network terminates the call.

In other words, almost half of their charges per call is IUC, the burden that mobile operators will have to pay (in the pocket, that is). What this means is that your call rates can drop by half if IUC is zero.

Over the years, Trai has systematically reduced CUC, but last October, the big question is presented in the industry working paper. He wondered if the IUC should be zero if the industry was moving to what is called the Bill System and (BAK) Hold.

BAK means exactly what it says; Operators charge other operators but do not actually collect IUC. Under BAK, these fees do not collect or pay as they are supposed to be canceled due to the symmetry of call (number of calls generated and ending in each network, according to this story on the Financial Express).

The historical telecommunications operators – Bharti Airtel, Idea and Vodafone – who oppose the reduction of the IUC, much less the re-establishment and transition to BAK. In fact, they are part of the telecommunications that actually claimed, increased IUC 14 paise to 35 paise per minute.

All responded to the consultation document Trai that the current rate of 14 paise is below cost and there is no reason why the CIU is zero. The three also said in various forums that the cost of transferring incoming calls in their respective networks is 30 rupees per minute, Vodafone said that later registered the license fee that each telecommunications company must pay this cost is 34 paise, a report In the Times of India said.

Education

Best BooksMust Read Books for IAS Aspirants

Best BooksMust Read Books for IAS Aspirants

You can find many lists filled with many books for IAS if you are looking for materials to help you begin your preparation for UPSC. But most of them are swollen lists, meant to scare you into thinking there is too much to study!

Here is a short list of books to prepare the IAS, which you must first enter (and sometimes download for free!) If you plan to seriously try UPSC preparation. These should be your first companions.

We have listed the books for IAS and have briefly described why we believe it to be an indispensable book for its preparation. You will also find a brief guide on how to use the book as much as possible. Books are listed in the recommended order in which they should be read once you begin your preparation.

India After Gandhi by Ramachandra Guha

 

Why should you read it?

It is not easy to put many things in the context of Indian politics without knowing what has been played over the years. Most of our history textbooks stop their chapters after that of Independence of India. The Guha takes the story and brings it closer to the modern India we grew up in. The book will allow you to better understand how India has changed since independence and some of the great events that have shaped India today.

How you should read it:

It is close to 900 pages, so let’s not pretend that we can finish it in one session. The best approach is to read one chapter a week. This is because our goal is not only to read the whole book as quickly as possible, but to read and remind us as much as we can. There are tips to remind you of everything you learn, as we have seen.

What you should do is read a chapter this week and read the incidents in this chapter. Read wikipedia, read blogs about it, read newspaper articles about it, think about it. Then, briefly summarize the main events / arguments of the chapter from the memory. If you wish, you can send us your chapter summaries and we will publish the best – the best abstracts (those that will be published – they must be at least 1/4 of the actual length of the chapter to be published) will receive gift certificates Rom amazon / flipkart. After that, make an overview of the chapter with only a few keywords, this time looking at the actual book.

Now, get your study partner (you should have one, if you do not contact us and we can get you one) or mentor and explain the chapter to that person – just looking at your keyword notes, and Not the book itself!

Do it for each chapter and you will be the great master of modern Indian history in a few months! Of course, if you like, you can speed up the process and do it 1 chapter by 3 days instead of per week – but be sure to familiarize yourself with each chapter and get it adhered!

Further reading: India since independence by Bipan Chandra

 

 

News People Science

‘Sixth extinction’ of wildlife faster than feared

'Sixth extinction' of wildlife faster than feared

‘Sixth extinction’ of wildlife faster than feared

The sixth mass extinction of life on Earth is developing faster than previously feared, scientists warned.

Over 30% of animals with a backbone – fish, birds, amphibians, reptiles and mammals – are declining in both the range and population, according to the first comprehensive analysis of these trends.

“This is the case of a biological annihilation occurring globally,” said Stanford professor Rodolfo Dirzo, a co-author of a study published Monday in the US journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

About a decade ago, experts feared a new planetary extinction of species would be in sight.

Today, most agree that it is under way, but the new study suggests that death is already increasing.

It provides much needed data on the threat to wildlife, mapping the decline in ranges and populations of 27,600 species. For 177 mammals, the researchers collected data covering the period 1900-2015.

The mammal species that were monitored have lost at least a third of their original habitat, the researchers found.

Forty percent of them – including rhinoceros, orangutans, gorillas and many large cats – survive on 20% or less of the land they once wandered.

Biodiversity loss has accelerated recently.

“Several species of mammals that were relatively safe one or two decades ago are now in danger,” including cheetahs, lions and giraffes, the study showed.

Around the world, mass death, considered the sixth in the last 500 million years, is the worst since three-quarters of life on Earth, including non-avian dinosaurs, was annihilated 66 million years ago By a giant Impact of meteors.

On average, two species of vertebrates disappear each year.

Tropical regions have recorded the highest number of declining species. In South and Southeast Asia, large-bodied mammal species have lost more than four-fifths of their historical ranks.

Loss of habitat

While fewer species are disappearing in temperate zones, the percentage is as high or higher.

Up to half the number of animals that once shared our planet are no longer here, a loss that the authors described as “a massive erosion of the greatest biological diversity in Earth’s history.”

There is no mystery as to why: our own constantly expanding species – which has more than doubled in number since 1960 to 7.4 million – is eating, crowding and polluting its planetary peers of existence.

By comparison, only 20,000 lions remain, less than 7,000 cheetahs, 500-1,000 giant pandas and about 250 rhinos in Sumatra.

The main causes of declining wildlife are loss of habitat, over consumption, pollution, invasive species, disease, and poaching in the case of tigers, elephants, rhinos and other large animals appreciated for their body parts.

Climate change is poised to become a major threat in the coming decades, with some animals – the most famous polar bears – already declining due to rising temperatures and changing weather patterns.

“The massive loss of populations and species reflects our lack of empathy with all the wild species that have been our partners since our origins,” said lead author Gerardo Ceballos of the National Autonomous University of Mexico.

News People

NASA CAN’T AFFORD TO PUT HUMANS ON MARS

NASA CAN’T AFFORD TO PUT HUMANS ON MARS

NASA CAN’T AFFORD TO PUT HUMANS ON MARS

The United States space agency has to land Mars on humans a priority of its exploration programs and the bipartisan legislation promised in 2010 to develop the ability to send humans to the planet by 2030.

But it remains a major problem between humanity and the red planet: money.

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The head of NASA’s space exploration program, William Gerstenmaier, said Wednesday that with its current budget, the agency simply can not afford the cost of propelling a spacecraft to Mars.

“On this horizon, in the 2030s, I can not put dates on humans on Mars,” Gerstenmaier said Wednesday in response to a question during a propulsion meeting of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics in Georgia.

More: Rigid space suits are the order of the day for astronauts hoping to survive life on Mars

“At the budget levels we have described, this is about an increase of about 2 percent, 100 that do not have surface systems available for March, this entry, landing and landing is a big challenge for us to Mars. ”

NASA landed several unmanned exploration vehicles on Mars in the past. The Curiosity rover, which landed at Marsh in August 2012 and will soon hold its fifth anniversary exploration of the planet, costs about $ 2.5 billion.
Gerstenmaier said an intelligent Mission to Mars would weigh about twenty times what previous Rover weighed. “So this is an increase of twenty times,” he said, which probably means a much higher cost.

Legislators attribute the NASA budget to $ 19.5 billion for fiscal year 2017, which is less than half of one percent of the total federal budget.

The agency did not give a specific figure for the cost of the manned mission to Mars, and estimates vary depending on the source. In 2012, the head of NASA’s Propulsion Laboratory Brent Sherwood, estimates that the project could cost up to $ 100 billion in 30 or 40 years.

Most recently, Pascal Lee, director of the Mars Institute, a nonprofit research group funded in part by NASA and based on a NASA research center in Silicon Valley, said in May that a human mission to March could cost up to $ 1 billion over 25 years.

Private organizations working on their own missions to Mars have estimated lower costs. Mars One, a Dutch-Swiss organization to establish a permanent settlement on Mars, plans to bring four people to March at a cost of $ 6 billion. SpaceX founder Elon Musk, who said he wanted to send humans to Mars in the early 2020s, estimated the cost at $ 10 billion per person by 2016.

Landing on Mars poses many threats to a manned mission. The spacecraft must tilt its entrance into the atmosphere of Mars correctly: if it is too rigid, the machine can burn, and if it is too low, the machine can completely lose the planet.

Astronauts must use reverse and parachute to slow down the ship so it will not be destroyed by impact on the surface. The machine must also locate a safe landing surface on the rough terrain of Mars, whose parts are emerging gigantic craters.